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မြန်မာ့မီးရထားအကြောင်း

Ministry of Rail Transportation

Myanma Railways

1.  Introduction: The transport services in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar consists of four modes, i.e. Railways, Road, Water and Air transport. Railways transport service is monopolized by state-owned transport enterprise, Myanma Railways.

2.  Brief History & Chronology

2.1Brief History

The first railway line in Myanmar, between Yangon and Pyay, 161 miles apart, was opened on the 1st of May 1877,by the Ir-rawaddy State Railway. But in 1896, Irrawaddy StateRailway gave way to Burma Railways Co. Ltd. operating on a commercial basis and when the company's lease was ended on the 31st  of December 1928, Burma Railways was placed under the Indian Railway Board.

Myanmar and India were separated in 1937 and theGovernment of Myanmar formed the Burma Railway Board to look after the af-fairs of the Myanmar Railways. In 1942 the British  Governor took over the powers and functions of the Burma Railway  Board and re-delegated these power to a body of persons with theChief Railway Commissioner as ex-officio president. This Railway Board continued to function until the 31st of December 1947.

On the 4th of January 1948, Myanmar gained independence, and a new Railway Board was instituted with Financial Commissioner, Lands and Rural Development, as Chairman. On the 1st of Decem-ber 1951, the Union of Burma Railway Board Act was enacted under which a full-time permanent Chairman was appointed,who was also to be the Chief Executive Officer.

The Union of Burma Railway was again reorganizedin 1972 and the power and the functions of the Union of theBurma Railway Board were entrusted into the hands of the management committee with the Managing Director who also was to be the Chief Executives as Chairman and the name, Union of Burma Railways was changed to the Burma Railways Corporation

The State Law and Order Restoration Council took  over state power on 18th September 1988 and following the change of the So-cialist Republic of the Union of Burma to the Unionof Myanmar. The name Burma Railways Corporation was changed to  Myanma railways on 1st April, 1989. (hereinafter referred  to as "  MR"). The name Union of Myanmar was changed to the Republicof the Union of Myanmar on 30th March 2011, the name of Myanma Railways was not changed.

2.2 Chronology

1st  May 1877 Yangon - Pyay Line opened.

1st Mar 1880 Yangon - Suburban Line for goods traffic.

1st  July 1885 Yangon - Taungoo Line opened.

1st Mar 1889 Taungoo - Mandalay Line extended.

1st  Jan 1898 Mandalay - Myitkyina Line opened.

15th April 1900 Ywataung - Alon Line opened.

15th Dec 1902 Myohaung - Lashio Line opened.

1st Mar 1903 Hinthada - Pathein Line opened.

20th Mar 1903 Hinthada Letbadan Line opened.

12th Oct 1907 Bago - Mottama Line opened.

14th Dec 1908 Hinthada - Kyangin Line opened.

2nd May 1921 Thazi - Shwenyaung Line opened.

1st July 1922 Alon - Budalin Line opened.

16th April 1925 Mawlamyine - Ye Line opened.

5th Feb 1927 Mandalay - Madaya Line opened.

15th Aug 1929 Nyaunglebin - Madauk Line opened.

13th Jan 1930 Mandalay - Myingyan Line opened.

17th July 1930 Pyinmana - Kyaukpadaung Line opened.

1st May 1959 Yangon Circular Railway opened.

1st Mar 1969 Kyaukpadaung - Kyeeni Line opened.

27th Mar 1988 Thaton - Myinegalay line opened.

27th Mar 1989 Dabein - Hlelawin Line opened.

4th Jan 1990 Mandalay Western Circular Line opened.

1st May 1990 Eastern Circular Line opened.

15th Feb 1991 Tada U - Myotha Line opened.

27th Mar 1991 Shwenyaung - Yutsawk Line opened.

2nd June 1992 Mandalay- Circular (Hill) Line opened.

21st Feb 1992 Myotha - Wetlu Line opened.

9th May 1992 Wetlu - Nahtogyi Line opened.

8th Dec 1992 Nahtogyi - Myingyan Line opened.

7th Jan 1993 Aungban- Pinlong Line opened.

27th Mar 1993 Pinlong - Loikaw Line opened.

31st July 1993 Togyaunggale- Okkphosu Line opened.

30th Oct 1993 Chaung-U - Taw Kyaungyi Line opened.

12th Dec 1993 Pakhokku- Minywa Line opened.

13th Nov 1994 Pakhokku-Myaing-Myosoe Line opened.

18th Mar 1995 Myosoe-Zebya Line opened.

23rd Apr 1995 Kalay Natchaung Line opened.

1st May 1995 Nansan-Moene Line opened.

30th May 1995 Dawei-Yebyu Line opened.

5th Jan 1996 Myohaung-Myitnge Double Line opened.

5th Feb 1996 Natchaung-Gangaw Line opened.

26th Mar 1996 Myitkyina - Nampoung Airport opened.

4th June 1996 Banyin - Pharmon Line opened.

16th July 1996 Pyinmana - Kyitaungkan Double Line opened.

27th July 1996 Taunggyi - Pharmon Line opened.

18th Sept 1996 Bagan - Sakha (Myingan) Line opened.

24th Sept 1996 Ye (Chaungtaung) - Kaloggyi Line opened.

11th Feb 1997 Bagan - Kyaukpadaung Line opened.

9th Apr 1997 Zebyar - Kyaw Line opened.

22th May 1997 Aunglan - Satthwa (Taungtwingyi) Line opened.

17th July 1997 Gangaw – Yaymyetni Line opened.

14th Sept 1997 Pyay – Aunglan Line opened.

24th Dec 1997 Taunggyi - Shwenyaung Line opened.

26th Mar 1998 Yebyu – Paukpinkwin - Kaloggyi Line opened.

Myanma Railways 3  Myanma Railways4

15th Aug 1998 Danyingon - Hlawkar Double Line opened.

9th Apr 1999 Pyawbwe –Yanaung Line opened.

17th Apr 1999 Magwe - Taungtwingyi Line opened.

31st Aug 1999 Tada U-Mandalay Airport extension Line opened.

18th Sep 1999 Sin Phyu Shin Bridge approach (East/West) Line

9th Apr 2000 Butalin - Ye U - Khin U Line opened.

30th Apr 2001 Banyin - Hsighkhaung Line opened.

21st July 2002 Namsan - Mangsit Line opened.

27th Mar 2003 Hsighkhaung - Pyinthaya Line opened.

15th Nov 2003 Okaphosu-Thilawar Line opened.

25th Nov 2003 Approach Ye Bridge opened.

20th Mar 2004 Mongseik-Kaungsaing Line opened.

21st Mar 2004 Pyinthaya-Htiyee Line opened.

27th Nov 2004 Htiyee-Ponchaung Line opened.

1st Jan 2006 Ponchaung-Kaungsaing Line opened.

4th Mar 2006 Toegyaunggale-Dagon University Line opened.

17th Apr 2006 Thanlwin Bridge(Mawlamyaine)approach opened.

1st June 2006 Okkphosu-Yangon East University Lineopened.

25th June 2006 Myitnge-Kyaukse(Double Line) opened.

16th July 2006 Tharzi-Kunganyo Line opened.

27th Jan 2007 Kyaw-Yaymyetni Line opened.

21st April 2007 Daik U- Sittaung line opend.

17th May 2007 HlawKha – University of Computer line opend.

2nd Sept 2007 Kyeeni - Chauk line opend.

24th Nov 2007 Kyitaunggan – Kyaukse (Double Line) opend.

2nd Mar 2008 Kyangin - Ooshitpin line opend.

30th Nov 2008 Pyawbwe - Phaya Ngasu line opend.

22nd Mar 2009 Ooshitpin - Kamma line opend.

19th May 2009 Sittway - Yaychanpyin line opened.

17th Oct 2009 Kanma - Thayet line opened.

20th Nov 2009 Pakhokku - Kyungchaung line opened.

19th Dec 2009 Magway - Kanpya line opened.

2nd Jan 2010 Aungtha - Bawditahtaung line opened.

16th Jan 2010 Yanaung - ywataw line opened.

20th Feb 2010 Katha - Moetagyi line opened.

14th Mar 2010 Thayet - Minhla Line opened.

15th May 2010 Kyantaung - Ponarkyun - Yoetayoke Lineopened.

12th June 2010 Yawchaung - Seikphu Line opened.

.21st July 2010 Hinthada - Zalum Line opened.

22nd Aug 2010 Pyay (Shwetaga) - Paukkhaung Line opened.

18th Sep 2010 Minhla - Minbu Line opened.

9th Oct 2010 Seikphu - Sinphukyun Line opened.

19th Dec 2010 Kyaingtone - Wunkaung Line opened.

22nd Jan 2011 Minbu - Pwintphu Line opened.

26th Feb 2011 Kyunchaung - Daumgtha Line opened.

20th Mar 2011 Pathein(Begayet)-Eimme Line opened.

10th Apirl 2011 Yoetayoke - Kyauktaw Line opened.

4th June 2011 Dawei - Thayetchaung Line opened.

31st Dec 2011 Ayeyarwaddy Bridge (Pakokku)approach opened.

13rd March 2013 Ywataw-Natmauk opened.

11th May 2013 Ayeyawaddy Bridge(Malun)approach opened.

7th Feb 2014 Moetagyi-ChaungWa-Kyaukkyi opended

24th May 2014 Yangon(Hlaing Thar Yar)-Nyaung Htong-Saekug-

Salon Opened.

2.3 Railway network map is attached as Annexure" A".

2.4. States and Regions

Route Mileage and Stations

In each state and region in comparison to the totalarea of Myan-mar, there is only one route mile per an area of 68.8 square miles and

the railways line connects thirteen states and regions out of the total

fourteen. The route mile and number of stations in  each state and going

as on October 31, 2014 appear below:

Region

Area(Sq.Mile)

No.of Station

Route Mile

Ayeyarwaddy Region

13,567

65

260.00

Bago Region

15,214

116

461.09

Chin State

13,907

-

-

Kachin State

34,379

34

133.43

Karen State

11,731

6

16.00

Kayah State

4,538

3

8.59

Magway State

17,305

180

754.36

Mandalay Region

14,295

183

657.43

Mon State

4,748

59

220.70

Rakhaing State

14,200

20

54.00

Sagaing Region

36,535

90

451.51

Shan State

60,155

103

501.86

Tanithayi Region

16,735

25

106.78

Yangon Region

3,927

76

169.58

Total:-

261,236

960

3795.33

 

3.Organization

3.1 MR belongs to Ministry of Rail Transportation. (Ministry of Rail Transportation is in charge of railway and road transport; Ministry of Transport is in charge of inland waterway, sea transport and air trans-port; and Ministry of Telecommunication and Post isin charge  of telecommunication and post). The Organization set up of the Myanma Railways is based on departmental system. The Managing Director, who is Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Man-agement Committee, is in overall charge, assisted by two  Senior Gen-eral Managers. The 6 major departments are Operating, Mechani-cal& Electrical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Commercial & Mar-keting, Planning & Administration and Finance.

The other supporting departments are Supply, Medical and In-spection departments. The railways system is divided into (11) divi-sions which are further grouped into two, namely Lower Region and Upper Region. These regions are headed by two general managers. Upper Region includes Division 1, 2, 3, 4, 10 and 11 and Lower Re-gion includes Division 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. Three major workshops Ywataung Locomotives Workshop, Insein Locomotives Workshop and Myitnge Carriages & Wagons Workshop are headed by the General Managers.

3.2 The organizational structure of the Myanma Railways had been restructured since September 2011. The number of key features of this structure reflect the move towards more decentralized decision mak-ing, more proactive forward planning and more focuson providing of a good service to the users through improved marketresponsiveness.

The organization chart of the Myanma Railways is attached as Annex-ure "B". It has altogether 32,053 employees which can be grouped as follow: -

Particular           Sanction Strength               As on October, 2014

Officers                   431                                             316

Others                 31,622                                        20,079

===== ==================================================

Total                    32,053                                        20,395

===== ==========================================================

Summary of Fixed Assets

MYANMA RAILWAYS FIXED ASSETS 2013- 2014(Prov:)

No.

Classification

Amount in

 

Million Kyats

Percentage

1

Land.

121.2

0.02%

2

Building, Way and Structure.

682,023.0

89.89%

3

Electric, Signal, and

19,864.3

2.62%

 

Communication & Machinery.

 

 

4

Motive Power and Rolling

56,693.6

7.47%

Stock.

 

Total

758,702.1

100%

 

MYANMA RAILWAYS FIXED ASSETS

2013—2014(Prov)

5.              Financial Status

Financial Statements of Myanma Railways are as follows:

(a)            Balance Sheet

i)   Assets

                                                                                                   (Million Kyat)

 

 

Account

Year

2012-2013(Actual)

2013-2014(Prov:)

Amount

Ratio(%)

Amount

Ratio(%)

Current Assets

94,932.89

11.62 %

68,026.81

7.78 %

Inventory

54,460.23

6.66 %

56,842.16

8.78 %

Fixed Assets

668,001.77

81.72 %

749,702.12

85.72 %

Total:-

817,394.89

100.00 %

874,571.09

100.00 %

                             

                ii) Equity & Liability

                                                                                                 (Million Kyat)

 

Account

Year

2012-2013(Actual)

2013-2014(Prov)

Amount

Ratio(%)

Amount

Ratio(%)

Long Term Debt

15,708.70

1.92 %

32,887.59

3.76 %

Short Term Debt

34,944.24

4.28 %

31,560.00

3.61 %

Net Worth

766,741.95

93.80 %

810,123.50

92.63 %

Total:-

817,394.89

100.00 %

874,571.09

100.00%

 

(b)         Profit and Loss Account

Debit

                                                                                                 (Million Kyat)

 

Account

Year

2013-2014(Actual)

2014-2015(Prov) Up to

Oct;

Amount

Ratio(%)

Amount

Ratio(%)

Operating Expense

93,470.70

150.25 %

52926.48

149.90%

Non-Operating Expense

15,275.78

24.56%

11,546.48

32.70%

Net Profit /(Loss)

(46,538.29)

- 74.81%

(29,165.89)

- 82.60 %

Total:-

62,208.19

100.00%

35,307.07

100.00%

i)   Credit

                                                                                                                                                   (Million Kyat)

 

Account

Year

2013-2014(Actual)

2014-2015(Prov)Up to

Oct;

Amount

Ratio(%)

Amount

Ratio(%)

Operating Revenue

Non-Operating Revenue

54,781.01

7,427.18

80.06 %

11.94 %

30429.35

4877.72

86.18 %

13.82 %

Total:-

62,208.19

100.00 %

35307.07

100.00 %

 

6.           Present Situation

6.1      Traffic Volume

 

Myanma Railways is a carrier of bulk freight traffic in addition to suburban and long distance passenger traffic. Performance of Myanma Railways for the past four fiscal years is shown below

(a)   Passenger traffic

 

 

 

Classification

Year

 

2010-

 

2011-

 

2012-

 

2013-

 

2014-

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015 Up

to Oct;

No. of Passenger

 

 

Main Suburban

Total

 

Passenger/Day

 

Passenger Mile

( 100 Million)

 

 

 

34.102

 

33.548

 

67.650

 

0.19

 

33.287

 

 

 

31.227

 

32.993

 

64.220

 

0.18

 

30.927

 

 

 

23.577

 

30.240

 

53.817

 

0.15

 

23.659

 

 

 

21.716

 

31.444

 

53.190

 

0.15

 

22.260

 

 

 

11.810

 

18.000

 

29.810

 

0.14

 

12.512

 

( In Million)

 

(b) Freight traffic

(In Million)

 

 

Classification

Year

 

2010-

 

2011-

 

2012-

 

2013-

 

2014-

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015 Up

to Oct;

 

Tons Carried

 

3.41

 

3.58

 

2.84

 

2.47

 

1.31

(in Million)

 

 

 

 

 

Ton/Day

9.34

9.83

7.78

6.77

6.25

(in Thousand)

 

 

 

 

 

Ton Miles

69.78

72.19

60.19

51.323

27.82

(10 Million)

 

 

 

 

 

Avg: Lead

205

202

212

208

212

Miles for Goods

 

 

6.2 Freight Traffic by Major Commodity

Myanma Railways has transported various commodities with great tonnage during the past four fiscal years as the following tables:

(a)     Freight Tonnage

 

Commodities

Fiscal Year

2010-

2011

2011-

2012

2012-

2013

2013-

2014

2014-

2015 Up to Oct;

Rice and Rice Products

 

103.000

 

97.900

 

113.500

 

84.1

31.5

Suger Cane

3.200

0.700

3.100

1.6

0.2

Forest Products

242.100

285.900

238.500

202.6

103.8

Pulses and Beans

33.000

17.500

11.500

6.0

5.5

Other Agricultural Products

 

6.600

 

3.400

..

2.200

 

1.1

0.5

Coal & Coke

9.300

6.000

-

-

1.8

Oil

107.700

128.400

117.300

105.4

54.9

Mine Products

26.400

21.200

26.300

22.5

9.8

Stone

118.400

119.800

193.800

76.5

91.4

Salt

69.600

47.500

31.800

10.3

16.7

Military.

71.300

56.100

48.900

62.0

33.4

General Goods

729.200

744.600

581.000

509.9

302.5

Departmental Parcels

 

903.200

 

966.000

 

806.500

 

849.0

369.0

Other Parcels

985.000

1112.000

661.600

525.0

291.0

Total

3408.000

3580.000

2836.000

2456.0

1312.0

 

(b)Freight Ton-miles

 

 

Commodities

Fiscal Year

 

2010-2011

 

2011-2012

 

2012-2013

 

2013-2014

2014-2015

Up to Oct;

Rice and Rice Products

 

28159.605

 

20270.8

 

24062.900

 

17408.7

 

6679.4

Suger Cane

77.032

100.8

65.100

331.2

42.4

 

Forest Products

 

40651.656

 

37052.3

 

50563.900

 

41938.2

 

22010.3

 

Pulses and Beans

 

36084.078

 

3993.7

 

2438.000

 

1242.0

 

1166.2

Other Agricultural Products

 

1844.744

 

988.3

 

466.400

 

227.7

 

106.0

Coal & Coke

1381.962

1916.2

-

-

381..7

Oil

31464.480

21743.3

24868.500

21817.8

11641.3

Mine Products

8701.194

7341.9

5575.800

4657.5

2078.9

Stone

17653.717

19322.9

41087.200

15835.5

19380.9

Salt

29738.470

13897.0

6741.900

2132.1

3541.2

Military

21386.458

8511.7

10367.200

12834.0

7082.3

General Goods

189210.789

158181.0

123828.000

106786.3

64143.6

Departmental Parcels

 

99553.842

 

224673.6

 

170984.500

 

175743.0

 

78244.6

Other Parcels

191939.972

204685.5

140264.500

108675.0

61705.1

Total

697847.999

722679.0

601906.000

509629.0

278203.0

6.    Motive Power & Rolling Stock

(a)   

 

 

Type

Year

 

2010-2011

 

2011-2012

 

2012-2013

 

2013-2014

2014-2015

Up to Oct;

Steam Locomotive

37

37

35

35

35

Diesel Locomotive

 

252

 

257

 

268

 

268

 

268

(a) Diesel Electric

(b) Diesel Hydraulic

135

137

137

137

137

Total:-

387

394

405

405

405

Grand Total:-

424

431

440

440

440

 

Locomotive Fleet

 

 

 

Type

Year

 

2010-11

 

2011-2012

 

2012-2013

 

2013-2014

 

2014-2015

Up to Oct;

LRBE/ DIB

68

63

63

63

63

DMU

6

6

6

6

6

DRC

2

2

2

2

2

RBE

106

118

165

166

166

Total:-

182

189

235

236

236

 

(b)   Rail Bus Fleet

 

(c)     

 

Type

 

2010-11

 

2011-2012

 

2012-2013

 

2013-2014

2014-2015

Up to Oct;

Upper Class

327

332

331

328

328

Ordinary Class

648

661

678

716

734

Mail Vans

14

14

13

13

13

Brake Vans

110

130

126

126

126

Restaurants

22

22

24

24

26

Departmental

86

87

82

82

82

Others

31

31

28

30

30

Total:-

1238

1277

1282

1319

1339

 

Number of passenger coaches

(d)Number of Freight Wagons

 

 

Type

Year

2010-

2011

2011-

2012

2012-

2013

2013-

2014

2014-2015

Up to Oct;

Covere wagon

1312

1225

1192

1129

1129

Open Wagon

638

633

610

689

689

Low Sided

 

 

 

 

 

Open Wagon

398

398

397

378

378

High Sided

 

 

 

 

 

Timber agon

521

514

522

527

527

Tank Wagon

233

233

256

228

228

Brake Van

95

99

99

99

99

Departmental

79

79

79

79

79

Container

-

-

-

190

190

Others

55

55

55

55

55

Total:-

3331

3236

3210

3374

3374

 

7.1. Locomotives & Rolling Stock Maintenance Facilities  There are two major diesel locomotive workshops: Ywataung near Mandalay and Insein near Yangon. Ywataung workshop was constructed be- tween 1969 and 1975 at a total cost of 25 million kyats for the build- ing and 27 million for machinery. Ywataung is also the home of a Railway Technical Training Center which was built and operated with assistance from Germany. Insein is a large workshop originally built in 1875 to carry out overhaul of steam locomotives.

The yearly programmed of the heavy repair of the locomotives are established by the Head Office for each workshop.

For construction & repairing the carriages & wagons there is a one major workshop at Myitnge near Mandalay. This workshop had been built in 1911. The Workshop estate including residential quarter is 783 acres. The workshop covers an area of 69.59 acres and addi- tional construction workshop was built near by in 1969 and was com- pleted in 1973. Since 1976, construction works of carriage and wag- ons had been carried out in construction shop which covers an area of

80.5 acres. The aim and object of this workshop was to carry out the heavy repair and periodical overhaul of coaches & wagons. The addi- tional construction shop has been carried out for construction works of new coaches and wagons since 1985 in co-operation with Korean En- gineers under the Japanese OECF loans.

7.        Railways Service

Myanma Railways’ operate an average of 439 trains per day. 196 inter-city passenger trains, 215 suburban trains and 28 freight trains. Thenumber of trains by type is as follows:

 

Train Type          Nos of Train per day As on October, 2014

 

Passenger Trains

Express                                    42

Mail & Others                         60

Mixed                                       66

Rail Bus                                   28

-----

Total                                      196

-----

Yangon Suburban Trains                215

Freight Trains                                        28

-------------------------------------------------

Total Trains                                         439

-------------------------------------------------

 

8.     Fixed Installation

 

(a)      Rail

For the track Myanma Railways use the 75 lb RBS, 60 lb RBS and BS 50lb NS, Standard length of rail is 39 feet. Rails are imported from India, Japan, Korea and China. Renewal work of short welded rail is done especially in Yangon-Mandalay line. Three (3) to five (5) short welded rails are used in Yangon - Nyaunglaybin, Taungoo - Py- inmana- Main line and Mandalay - Myohaung line. 60 lbs rails of Py- inmana - Kyaukpadaung, Hezada - Kyangin - Pathein, and Molemyaing - Ye line were renewed with 75 lbs new rails in 2012, March.

 

(b)      Fastenings.

The type of fastening use in Myanma Railways are dog spikes, elastic spikes, screw spikes and pandrol type for PC sleeper. More than 77% of fastening is dog spikes which are manufactured by MR's own workshop. Holding power of dog spike is less and it always causes rail creeping. To control creep of rails, anchors are used in branch lines and P.C Sleeper with elastic fastenings are mostly used in Yangon – Mandalay line.

 

         (c) Sleepers

The  majority  of  sleepers  are  unplated  timber  and about 38 Lakhs no: of pre stressed concrete sleeper have been used with pandrol clips. The sleeper density is 2,430 per miles on the main line and 2,220 per mile on other line the average life time of timber is 12 to 15 years for hard wood and 5 years for soft wood. Creosoting process can not done fully because of in- sufficient amount of creosoting oil and it causes short life time of wooden sleeper. Due to rail creep, and the fact that the track is not sufficiently embedded in the ballast, the sleepers are not lay- ing square to rails. The spacing of sleeper is 2'2" (660 mm). For the long term, MR plan to use the concrete sleeper instead of wooden sleeper.

 

         (d) Ballast

Ballast is of crushed stone. Size is 1" to 1.5" and 8 cu- ft / foot run.

 

 10.         Track Maintenance

 

Track maintenance works are mainly done manually by track mainte nuance gangs. These gangs are stationed about 4 miles (6.4km) apart. The gang consists of one head track- man, one patrolman and three workers. There are Mechanized maintain gangs in each divisions. In addition of using mecha- nized maintenance system, contracts works was given for maintenance of the track.

 

Major Facilities & Equipment

 

Description

 

Number

 

 

Number of Stations

 

 

 

547

 

(a) Block Stations

 

(b) Wayside Stations

413

 

Tunnels

12

 

Bridges

11818

 

Buildings

21275

 

Plant & Machinery

710

 

Wooden Sleeper

 

P.C Sleeper

 

Yangon Circular Line (Route Mile) (Route Kilometer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yangon Circular Line (Route Mile) (Route Kilometer)

52050010

 

5810151

 

29.50 mile

(47.52 km)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

         

 

 

12.Truck

 

 

Item

Length

 

 

Remarks

Mile

Km

 

Single line Route Mile

 

3357.32

 

5405.285

 

Rails Wt:

Double line Route Mile

438.01

705.196

Rails 75 lb RBS

Total line Route Mile

3795.33

6110.481

Rails 60 lb RBS

Rails 60 lb BS

Total Track Mile

4933.15

7942.371

Rails 50 lb ANSC

 

13. Major Truck Lines

Line

Section

Route Mile

 

Mandalay

 

Yangon-Mandalay

 

385.50

 

Mandalay-Madaya

17.50

Pyay

Yangon-Pyay

161.00

 

Pyay-Satthwa

90.35

Mawlamyine

Yangon-Mottama

173.00

 

Thahton-Myainggale

28.15

Kachin State

Myohaung-Myitkyina

340.00

 

Line

Section

Route Mile

 

 

Monywa

 

 

Ywataung-Budelin-YeU-KhinU

 

 

136.38

 

Chaung U–Kalay

278.40

Northern Shan

Myohaung-Lashio

178.00

 

Southern Shan

 

Thazi-Lawksawk

 

135.50

 

Shwenyaung -Taunggyi-Moenei

198.13

 

Aungban-Loikaw

104.00

 

Myingyan

 

Thazi-Myingyan

 

69.75

 

Paleik-Myingyan

68.25

 

Sakha-Kyauk Padaung

64.81

 

Kyeeni

 

Pyinmana-Kyeeni

 

162.25

 

Ayeyarwaddy

 

Pathein-Kyangin

 

147.00

 

Mon,Tanintheryi

 

Mawlamyine-Ye-Dawei

 

192.75

 

14. Network Expanding

The rapid growth of the economy has created higher demands on distribution capacity and efficiency of the transport and communication network in the country. The government has identified rail transport as a vital tool for economic development of the country. The new rail lines have provided the political, social and economic improvements of the remote areas. From 30th  March,2011 to 2012-2013, MR has expended 116.34 miles (187.307 km) of new track, 420.540 miles (677.069 km) are under construction in preparation stage.

 

 

15.   Yearly investment made for new locomotives, repowering of locomotives and new construction & rehabilitation of rolling stock is as follow:

(a)   Yearly investment for new locomotives and repowering of locomotives 1988-89 to 2014-2015 (Up to October)

( in million US$)

 

Sr

 

Year

New Locomotive

Repowering

Rail Bus (RBE)

Qty

Value

Qty

Value

Qty

Value

1

1988-89

12

13.03

13

9.42

-

-

2

1989-90

5

4.48

19

11.56

-

-

3

1990-91

-

-

12

12.78

-

-

4

1991-92

-

-

1

0.20

-

-

5

1992-93

-

-

1

0.34

-

-

6

1993-94

6

7.20

10

5.70

-

-

7

1994-95

1

4.80

1

0.31

-

-

8

1995-96

10

14.80

-

-

-

-

9

1996-97

1

-

-

-

-

-

10

1997-98

9

13.95

-

-

-

-

11

1998-99

10

19.39

7

4.00

-

-

12

1999-2000

10

3.20

-

-

-

-

13

2000-2001

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

2001-2002

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

2002-2003

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

2003-2004

-

-

10

3.50

3

0.15

17

2004-2005

13

1.97

-

-

2***

-

18

2005-2006

-

-

-

-

12

0.864

19

2006-2007

4

0.68

10

4.09

4***

-

20

2007-2008

20

6.00

-

-

29

1.922

 

 

1*

350

10

2.15(E)

-

-

 

 

 

(in million kyat)

 

 

 

 

21

2008-2009

20

23.1

 

 

35

2.389

 

 

1*

 

 

 

-

-

22

2009-2010

4*

350

 

 

21

1.635

 

 

 

(in million kyat)

 

 

 

 

23

2009-2010

5**

1400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in million kyat)

 

 

 

 

24

2010-2011

20

6.703

1

350

22

2.437

 

 

 

 

 

(in million kyat)

 

 

 

 

2*

700

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in million kyat)

 

 

 

 

 

 

30**

0.48

 

 

 

 

25

2011-2012

2*

700

1

350

15

1.68

 

 

 

(in million kyat)

 

(in million kyat)

 

 

26

2012-2013

-

-

-

-

22

2.209

27

2013-2014

-

-

-

-

20

0.200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in million

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jp Yen)

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

0.95

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in million

 

 

 

 

 

 

kyat)

28

2014-2015

-

-

2

700

Up to Oct;

(in million kyat)

 

Total

186

114.085

(in million US$)

3500

( in million kyat)

98

54.05

(in million US$)

1400

( in million kyat)

165

14.236

(in million

kyat)

0.200

(in million Jp Yen)

*         Constructed with local fund    **  Donated by China    *** Donated by Japan

 

Yearly investment for new construction and rehabilitation of rolling stock 1988-89 to 2014-2015 (Up to October)

                                                                                            ( in million US$)

 

Sr

 

Year

Passenger coaches

Freight Wagons

Qty

Value

Qty

Value

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

 

18

19

20

 

21

 

22

 

 

23

 

 

 

 

24

 

25

 

26

 

27

1988-89

1989-90

1990-91

1991-92

1992-93

1993-94

1994-95

1995-96

1996-97

1997-98

1998-99

1999-2000

2000-2001

2001-2002

2002-2003

2003-2004

2004-2005

 

2005-2006

2006-2007

2007-2008

 

2008-2009

 

2009-2010

 

 

2010-2011

 

 

 

 

2011-2012

 

2012-2013

 

2013-2014

 

2014-2015

Up to Oct;

72

20

- 23

- 50

- 12

41

70

49

64

30

20

19

16

28

 

36

130**

14*

 

20*

 

18*

 

20**

 

8*

 

8

 

8

 

42

 

42

 

38

 

20

7.79

3.28

- 3.22

- 10.16

- 2.88

10.6

15.69

27.18

47.46

28.17

-

-

- 1121.845*

(in million Kyat)

8.584

- 729.00

(in million Kyat)

1040.00

(in million Kyat)

 

 

936.00

(in million Kyat)

416.00

(in million kyat)

66.600

(in million JP¥)

49.360

(in million JP¥)

2184

(in million Kyat)

2184

(in million Kyat)

1976

(in million Kyat)

1040.00

(in million Kyat)

140

65

-

-

- 24

- 412

-

-

-

- 4

-

7

10

10

 

-

-

2*

 

3*

 

9*

 

200**

 

36*

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

4.03

1.35

-

-

- 0.83

- 25.63

-

-

-

- 1.21

-

-

- 0.50

 

-

- 84.00

(in million Kyat)

126.00

(in million Kyat)

378.00

(in million Kyat)

china

 

1512.00

(in million Kyat)

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

Total

918

165.014

(in million US$)

11626.845

(in million Kyat)

115.96

(in million JP¥)

922

33.55

(in million US$)

210.00

(in million Kyat)

*      Constructed with local fund ** Donated by China

 

 

 

 

(b) Investment (2010-2011 to 2013-2014)

(in Million Kyats )

 

Classification

 

2010-2011

 

2011-2012

 

2012-2013

 

2013-2014

 

Total

 

%

Land

-

-

-

-

-

-

Bidg way &

Structure

104,960.77

106,325.08

59,348.71

68,024.04

338,658.60

86.22 %

Equipment.

222.67

174.80

213.83

115.39

726.69

0.19 %

Rolling Stock.

4,565.99

5,528.51

10,768.57

20,046.99

40,910.06

10.42 %

Elect. Sig.

Comm, Mac.

1,536.67

1,745.15

6,673.94

2,513.93

12,469.69

3.17 %

Total:-

111,286.10

113,773.54

77,005.05

90,700.35

392,765.04

100.0   %

 

 

16.Signal and Telecommunications

 

16.1      Signaling    After 1988 with the loans from OPEC (4 million US$) and People Republic of China (5 million US$) two major stations were upgraded from mechani- cal to all relay interlocked colour light system and 50.93 km of automatic block sig- naling system was introduced in Yangon city circular line. Also 65 stations were up- graded from  military type flag board signaling system to semaphore type non- interlock signaling system. Fixed distant and working Outer Signaling Systems (Non

- interlock) had installed (45)stations at new railway lines. Eighty-Six stations at Yan- gon - Mandalay Line are up grading with the Loans from India. Double Line Black instrument Axle Counter and Solid State Interlocking have been Contain at Yangon - Mandalay Line Signaling up grading project. And then Computer Base Interlocking System (CBI) are installing at Nay Pyi Taw Railway station.

 

16.2      Telecommunication   Before the year 1988 bare wire lines along the railway track owned by Ministry of Telecommunication and Information Technology were mainly used for communication with stations for train operations. Only one section between Thazi and Pyinmana (15 stations) was provided with UHF wireless sets in addition to the bare wire communication system. Bare wire lines were often suffered by thief, sometimes broken or cut by falling tree branches, many insulators were seri- ously damaged and inadequate repair and maintenance resulted in unsafe and poor train operation. So we replaced with VHF radio for substitution of lie communication for long haul communication. Solid state HF radio has been replaced instead of old type radio were used in divisional headquarters. Between 1989 and 1999 to improve safe and smooth train operation, UHF and VHF selective calling system radios were added to the control network in 14 important section of the network covering 564 stations in total. Moreover various type of HF/SSB transceivers are installed at im- portant stations and control offices. A communication network between control of- fices and headquarters was introduced using HF/SSB radios. Yangon-Mandalay Rail- ways section was installed by fiber optic cable. Now that section telecommunication is running on fiber optic cable. A certain number of new lines and stations were opened in the remote areas of the country after 1989 and the following comparative statement shows the progress in wireless installations between 1988 and 2012.

 

No.

NOMENCLATURE

1988

As on Oct;

2014

1.

HF/SSB Radio

81

42

2.

UHF Radio

15

173

3.

VHF Radio

NIL

425

4.

Magneto Telephone

889

200

5.

Electronic Exchange (EPABX)

NIL

24

6.

Fiber optic cable

NIL

385miles

 

 

17.Future Development Plan of Myanma Railways

17.1        Traffic demand     Myanma Railways forecast the traffic demand for the fifth five years short term plan from the fiscal year 2011 – 2012 to

2015 – 2016 as follow:

(a)             Passenger Traffic

(in million)

Year             No. of Passenger                      Passenger-mile

 

2011 – 2012

64.221

3092.709

2012 - 2013

53.817

2365.817

2013 – 2014

53.208

2226.815

2014 – 2015

61.000

2700.000

2015 - 2016

62.000

2800.000

 

(b)            Freight Traffic

(in million)

Year                         Ton                                    Ton-mile

2011 – 2012                 3.580                                          721.863

2012 – 2013                 2.839                                          601.906

2013 – 2014                 2.467                                          515.010

2014 – 2015                 3.050                                          700.000

2015 - 2016                  3.100                                          720.000

 

Procurement and rehabilitation of rolling stock The follow- ing table is shown the tentative program for rehabilitation of the aged stocks and acquisition of new motive power and rolling stock to meet future

 

 

 

Sr.

 

 

Description

 

No. of Motive Power & Rolling Stock

2011/

2012

2012/

2013

2013/

2014

2014/

2015

2015/

2016

Total

1

New Purchase of

Diesel Locomotives

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

Repowering of

 

 

1

 

 

5

 

 

12

 

 

11

 

 

36

 

 

65

 

Diesel Locomotives

2.1

Diesel Electric Locomotive

2.2

Diesel Hydraulic Locomotive

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

Total

1

5

12

11

36

65

 

3

New Construction of Diesel Locomotive

2

5

5

5

5

22

 

4

4.1

Passenger coaches

New Purchase of

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

Passenger coaches

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.2

New Construction of

42

35

38

40

150

305

 

Passenger coaches

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

42

35

38

40

150

305

5

Freight Van

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.1

New Construction

-

-

-

52

80

132

 

Freight Van

 

 

 

 

5.2

New Passenger  of

15

32

250

297

Freight Van

 

 

 

 

Total

15

32

250

429

 

 

 

17.2      Improvement      of     signaling     and      Telecommunication      system During the five years (from the year 2011–2012 to 2015– 2016), im- provement of signaling & telecommunication system in the Yangon circu- lar & suburban line and Yangon – Mandalay trunk line will be imple-

mented as follow: -

(a)    Yangon circular and suburban line

(i)          Installation of underground communication cable line between Yangon and Alone station. After completion of this section the whole section Yangon circular line will be communicated with underground line.

(ii)        Kyimyindine yard will be upgraded with all relay interlocked and colour light signaling system.

(b)Yangon– Mandalay trunk Line

(i)Yangon-Mandalay trunk line will be installed Block Proving with Axle Counter for 75 stations and Solid State Interlocking (SSI) 6 stations.

(ii)The Nay Pyi Taw station will be established computer Base Interlocking (CBI)(2013-2014)

 

17.4Track and Bridges:

Future major investment plan for track and bridges consists of : -

-extension of net work 348.45 miles (561.001 km).

-rehabilitation works of 386 miles (617.60 km)of track on the Yangon - Mandalay main line.

-renewal of track on various line.

-upgrading of signaling and telecommunication on Yangon – Mandalay line.

-construction  and  rehabilitation  of  super  structures  and bridges.

-mechanization of track maintenance and acquisition of track maintenance machineries and equipment.

-construction of pre-stressed concrete sleeper manufacturing plants.

-production of aggregate ballast.

 

17.5      Yangon-Mandalay track rehabilitation project

Myanma Railways had already embarked on a programmed for the rehabilitation of Yangon-Mandalay rail corridor, The track sec- tion between Yangon and Nyaunglaybin (296.8 route km of double track) was upgraded with shot welded rails and pre-stressed concrete sleeper with OPEC loan, under the following machinery and equip- ment were purchased for the project.

(a)          Stone Crusher,

(b)          Rail Flash Butt Welding Machine,

(c)          Meter Gauge Bogie Ballast Hopper Wagons,

(d)          Meter Gauge Bogie Ballast Wagons,

(e)          Leveling Lining and Tamping Machine,

(f)           Concrete Sleeper Plant,

(g)          Small Track Tools & Track Machinery,

(h)          Technical consultancy,

(i)           Ballast Regulator.

17.6    

(a)

Pwintphyu - Sinphukyun

22.73

miles

(b)

Kyaukkyi - Bamaw

57.81

miles

(c)

Natmauk– Kanbya

29.49

miles

(d)

Minbu- Ann– Kyauktaw and

 

 

 

Yechanpyin - Kwangtaung

203.00

miles

(g)

Eimme- Nyaungdon-Yangon

35.42

miles

 

Future plan for extension of network 348.45 miles are as Follows:-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17.7 Railway links to the neighboring countries

(a)           Missing link between Myanmar and Thailand

i)         The rail link between three pagoda pass (Myanmar) and Nam- tok (Thailand) is spur line of Singapure - Kumming Rail Link Project.

 

ii)        That Spur Line is about (263)km long Thanpyuzayat to three pagoda pass in Myanmar is (110)km and three pagoda pass to Namtok   in Thailand is (153)km respectively.

 

iii)      From 2005 to 2007, Feasibility Study for that rail link has been con- ducted by Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) and submitted their report to each government. According to that F.S.R, estimated cost for construction of each rail line was US$(246) millions for Myanmar and US$(491) millions for Thailand respectively.

 

iv)       Due to construction of dam in Thailand side, some rail areas were flooded. New alignment might be mountainous area, steep gradient, high construction cost and low passenger and freight transport and more running time. Moreover, people might prefer travelling by motor vehicles and that alignment might be economically viable. On account of above mentioned causes, Thailand side was not willing to construct that rail line.

vi)                At the 14th Special Working Group Meeting for Singapore- Kunming Rail Link Project, held in Vientiane, Laos PDR, in 2012, representative from Thailand submitted to  construct new rail line, Dawei - Kanchanaburi instead of old line Three Pagoda Pass -Kanchanaburi.

vii)                                            From that time , the discussions on the connecting of Dawei( Myan mar)- Kanchanaburi (Thailand) missing link which will be new spur line have been conducted.

 

viii)                                          The 23rd ASEAN Land Transport Facilitation Working Group meet- ing was held August 2014 in the Philippines in the meeting is Land Transport Goal. Dawei– Banpunamron (Myanmar– Thailand  bor- der) . SKRL instead of the old line of Thanbyuzayat- Three Pagoda Pass– Namtok.

 

ix)                                              Both  countries  are  trying  to  propose  the  Technical  Assistance  for Feasibility Study and also Financial Assistance from Develop ment Partners.

 

(b)         Missing link between Myanmar and China

i)                     For Muse-Kyaukphu Rail Transportation System implemented by BOT System, China Railway Engineering Corporation-CREC of the Peo- ple’s Republic of China and Ministry of Rail Transportation, the Re- public of the Union of Myanmar signed Memorandum of Understand- ing in April, 2011 at Nay Pyi Taw and then the Supplementary Memo- randum of Understanding was signed in May, 2011 at Beijing, China.

 

ii)                    That project is from Rulei of China to Kyaukpyu through Muse, Lashio, Mandalay, Magwe, Minbu and Ann in Myanmar. Total length is 4.2 km in China territory and 808.8 km in Myanmar territory alto- gether 813.015 km. The Expert team of CREC and Myanma Railway joint group made survey, geological investigation and checking in- fringed of buildings along the proposed alignment. And then the Feasi- bility Study Report was submitted in April, 2012.

 

iii)                  In the Feasibility Study Report, there are some unclear issues related to check the alignment, EIA and SIA evaluation, and also EIRR and FIRR evaluation. So Myanma Railways want to discuss with CREC on those issues.

 

v)                    The original MoU was expired on April 27, 2013 and one year ex tension of MoU was signed on July 18, 2013 that term also expired again on 27th April 2014.

 

vi)                   The 2nd time Addendum  to the MoU was signed on December 2014.

(C)              

Myanma Railways26

Missing link between Myanmar and India

i)            The missing link between Kalay and Tamu is 135 kms in Myanmar territory. A survey team from Rail India Technical and Economics Services  (RITES) had made the feasibility study for that link in 2004.  That study reported this railway line is not economically viable.

ii)          The first meeting of the Joint Working Group on Railways between India and Myanmar was held in Naypyitaw on 16-17 January, 2013.

iii)        Representatives from both sides discussed about the missing link between Kalay and Tamu(127.4 Km). Myanma Railways confirmed the alignment  proposed by RITES in 2005 and both sides agreed to coo- perate to prepare a Detailed Project Report.

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